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The role of magnetic materials in wireless charging

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The role of magnetic materials in wireless charging

Issue Time:2020-07-07

                                                      Related magnetic materials

The main magnetic materials used in wireless chargers are: NdFeB magnets, NiZn ferrite thin magnetic sheets, MnZn ferrite thin magnetic sheets, Flexible Ferrite magnetic sheets; various magnetic isolation made of soft ferrite materials, is the main component of the wireless charging technology.The tablet plays the role of increasing the induced magnetic field and shielding the coil interference in the wireless charging device. Wireless chargers have high requirements on soft ferrite material performance, product size, reliability, etc., and the receiving end has higher requirements on them.

                   Magnetic requirments according to Wireless charging transmitter

According to the placement of the receiving end, the wireless charging transmitter is divided into fixed position type, single coil free position type and multi coil free position type. These transmitter ends have different requirements for ferrite products.


1.   The fixed-position charger uses neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnet positioning, and the terminal equipment needs to be placed in a fixed position to charge and maximize the charging efficiency. The Qi standard stipulates that the operating frequency of such design is between 110kHz and 205kHz. Fixed-position chargers have a higher resonance frequency, and generally use NiZn ferrite sheets with low loss and good high-frequency magnetic shielding effect as magnetic separators. magnet


2.  The coil inside the single-coil free-position charging device is equipped with a driving device and can be moved in a plane. It automatically detects the placement position of the terminal device and moves the coil to this position to make the position of the coil coincide with the receiving position of the terminal. In order to achieve charging and improve charging efficiency, this design allows the terminal to be placed anywhere on the charging board for charging. The Qi standard stipulates that the working frequency of this type of charger is 140kHz. Since the coil needs to be moved, the magnetic isolation sheet is required to have high reliability, so the magnetic isolation sheet is generally a flexible magnetic sheet made by a casting process. Powerful magnet


3.    The multi-coil free-position charger can charge multiple terminals at the same time, and multiple coils are arranged inside, and these coils cover most of the area of ​​the charging base. As a result, the terminal can be placed on the charging base more freely, and the charger will automatically select several coils that can be efficiently transmitted to supply power. The Qi standard stipulates that the operating frequency of the multi-coil free-position charger is 105kHz to 113kHz, and the magnetic separator generally uses MnZn power materials with high Bs and low loss characteristics.

                          The role of magnetic materials in wireless charging

On the one hand, enhances the magnetic flux between the transmitting and receiving coils and improves the transmission efficiency; On the other hand, as a positioning device between the transmitting and receiving, it is convenient for the terminal equipment to quickly and accurately locate. 

Small wireless charging equipment mostly uses NdFeB magnet ; large wireless charging equipment can use Ferrite material instead of NdFeB material to reduce costs.